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URBANYTICS

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 ECHOES.PARIS, Sébastien Perrault+

Vegetal ETI

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Performance Atlas

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  • The analysis of 1,692 cities, published in the journal Nature Climate Change, shows that the total economic costs of climate change for cities this century could be 2.6 times higher when heat island effects are taken into account than when they are not.

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2021

It’s a civic resource, an index of inequality, and a requirement for public health. Shade should be a mandate for urban designers

Annotations:
  • To the list of environmental injustices in this country, we can add the unequal distribution of shade

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Number of deadly heat days

Annotations:
  • Heatwaves pose a considerable concern to human life when their conditions exceed the capacity of the body to expel heat.
  • This web-app counts the number of days in a year when conditions of temperature and humidity surpass that threshold and thus pose a risk of death

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    “Atténuer les îlots de chaleur urbains - Cahier #5 : Méthodes et outils de conception des projets.” n.d., 48.
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    Ma, Xuan, Hiroatsu Fukuda, Dian Zhou, and Mengying Wang. 2019. "The Evaluation of Outdoor Thermal Sensation and Outdoor Energy Efficiency of a Commercial Pedestrianized Zone." Energies 12 (7): 1324. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12071324.
    Mohajerani, Abbas, Jason Bakaric, and Tristan Jeffrey-Bailey. 2017. "The urban heat island effect, its causes, and mitigation, with reference to the thermal properties of asphalt concrete." Journal of Environmental Management 197: 522–38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.03.095.
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    Nasir, Rabiatul Adawiyah, Sabarinah Sh Ahmad, Azni Zain-Ahmed, and Norhati Ibrahim. 2015. "Adapting Human Comfort in an Urban Area: The Role of Tree Shades Towards Urban Regeneration." Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 170: 369–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.047.
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