plonger l’humain le plus incertain, voire le plus récalcitrant, dans une multiplicité de devenirs non anticipés, rebelles ou apparemment improbables pour lui permettre d’habiter des mondes alternatifs
utiliser les imaginaires suppose une immersion profonde. Travailler sur un nombre restreint de références, c’est prendre le risque de voir le monde au prisme d’un parti pris et de s’enfermer dans l’esprit d’une époque ou d’une oeuvre
Réaliser des allers et retours entre le présent et une grande gamme de futurs projetés permet ainsi de montrer limites, forces et conséquences de chaque parti pris concurrent
Et surtout d’en construire d’autres, à contre-pied des principes implicites régissant les discours contemporains sur l’avenir. Car l’exploration d’une pluralité de visions et mondes potentiels permet de développer une capacité de projection dans le futur et d’ouvrir le champ des possibles.
design can be used as a tool to speculate about possible futures and think critically about today and prospective implications of actions
Speculative design is described as “creating an idea of possible futures” (Dunne and Raby, 2013, p. 2)
Those futures can be postive but also negative and will reflect the world we are living in today. Everything starts with a „What-if“ question to open up spaces of discussion and debate. With the power of design it is possible to question, provoke and inspire.
Speculative Design is useful in terms of “debate potential ethical, cultural, social and political implications” (Dunne and Raby, 2013, p. 47)
In todays world, where through technological innovation everything seams to be possible, it can play an important role in terms of asking key questions about ethics and what it means to be human: In what kind of world will we want to live in? What do we want to achieve? Where do we want to go? It opens up a space to explore a range of ideas in an “safe environment” where we can determine the possible impacts and consequences those concepts might have.
Speculative design and its ability to critical question and reflect, is a great tool to explore new fields, make things tangible and to start a discussion
think about things in a different way and opens up space for imagination and inspiration
research methodology which aims to critiques social, cultural and ethical implications of emerging technologies and trends.
design related approach rather than a practice that enables the exploration of novel possibilities through the creation of functional fictional futures.
Through the creation of fictional prototypes (as shown in figure 14), designers are able to establish compelling visions of alternate realities and speculative futures (Auger, 2013).
These prototypes causes those who interact with it to challenge their assumptions about the manner in which the world around them is developing.
This opens the opportunity for design fiction to function as a platform for integrated thinking that allows individuals to anticipate developments and make more informed choices in the present about the future.
The 1939 World’s Fair had an exhibit titled Futurama
Criticism & Limitations
The artefact should indicate that its context is near-future as if the design fiction is too futuristic, it will appear to be mere speculation; if it is too close to the present, those will interact with it will expect a researched critical understanding of its topic