• content (information) and relationships (organization)
  • Biological algorithms such as fractal generation, cellular automata, and structure-preserving transformations lead to vernacular and traditional architectural and urban forms, which are therefore the genuine product of evolutionary developmen
  • Lecture 1: Recursion and the Fibonacci sequence. Universal  scaling. Biophilia
  • Lecture 2: Geometric Recursion and Fractals. The Sierpinski  gasket. Perforation, bending, and folding. Anti-gravity  anxiety. Architecture of the horizontal
  • Lecture 3: Universal distribution of sizes. Fractal design,  ornament, and biophilia. Sustainable systems
  • Lecture 4: Cellular automata. Sierpinski carpets and  sea-shells. Design in hyperspace and connection to the sacred
  • Lecture 5: Harmony-seeking computations. Architectural  harmony. Alexander's theory of centers. Design as computation.  Computational reducibility
  • Lecture 6: Alexander's 15 Fundamental Properties. Three  laws of architecture
  • Lecture 7: Biologically-inspired computation. Genetic  algorithms. Computation versus memory retrieval. Evolutionary  regression
  • Lecture 8: Emergent systems. Examples from Artificial Life.  Inhuman experiments. Architectural education
  • Lecture 9: Symmetry production. Symmetry breaking.  Classical moldings. Elementary particle symmetries. Binding  energy
  • Lecture 10: Generative codes and their application to  building and urban morphology. Secularization destroys public  space. Spiritual architects. Legalizing codes
  • Lecture 11: Duany-Plater-Zyberk (DPZ) codes. The New  Urbanism. Stephen Mouzon's project. Tall buildings
  • Lecture 12: Implementation of generative codes in design.  Urban plazas. Designing for children. Favelas and social  housing



There are deep moral/practical reasons for our search which give form to our work: with the form we create we can adjust to the laws of matter with all reverence, forming a dialogue with reality and its mysteries in essential communion… For architecture to be truly constructed, the materials must be used with profound respect for their essence and possibilities; only thus can ‘cosmic economy’ be achieved… in agreement with the profound order of the world; only then can have that authority that so astounds us in the great works of the past.
Eladio Dieste - Modern Architecture since 1900, p575



    Bourgine, Paul, and Annick Lesne. Morphogenèse: l’origine des formes. Belin.
    Kolarevic, Branko. n.d. “02 Digital Morphogenesis,” 18.


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