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Modular Gridshells

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 ECHOES.PARIS, Sébastien Perrault+

altanes

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BIOMIM PAVILLION

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COMMON FARM

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RAMATUELLE

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PORTE MAILLOT

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INFLATABLE CANOPY

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LA CAPELETTE

Philippe Block - Stone Skins: New Masonry Shells

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prof à l'X qui bosse avec François Roche (R&Sie)

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  • Design et formes optimales (I)
  • Design et formes optimales (II)
  • Design et formes optimales (III)

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  • They are built for use by pedestrians and pack animals.
  • 313 suspension bridges in South America and South-East Asia, with spans of up to 264m (866ft) and serving more than 800,000 people.
  • Today Swiss cable car companies donate their used wire rope
  • With his partner Walter Yánez, a professional pipeline welder, Mr Ruttimann has completed 126 bridges in Ecuador and nearly 100 in Colombia and Central America
  • n Cambodia, with another partner, he has built 90 bridges and is extending his work to Vietnam and Laos

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blog sur les ponts et passerelles

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The resistant virtues of the structure that we make depend on their form; it is through their form that they are stable and not because of an awkward accumulation of materials. There is nothing more noble and elegant from an intellectual viewpoint than this; resistance through form.

Eladio Dieste - The Engineer’s Contribution to Contemporary Architecture

 

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There are deep moral/practical reasons for our search which give form to our work: with the form we create we can adjust to the laws of matter with all reverence, forming a dialogue with reality and its mysteries in essential communion… For architecture to be truly constructed, the materials must be used with profound respect for their essence and possibilities; only thus can ‘cosmic economy’ be achieved… in agreement with the profound order of the world; only then can have that authority that so astounds us in the great works of the past.
Eladio Dieste - Modern Architecture since 1900, p575

 

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Structural Engineering is the art of molding materials we don’t wholly understand, into shapes we can’t fully analyse, so as to withstand forces we can’t really assess, in such a way the community at large has no reason to suspect the extend of our ignorance

 Dr A.R. Dykes 

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Form is a diagram of forces

D'Arcy W. Thompson

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STRUCTURE AS ARCHITECTURAL INTERVENTION

Structure and Architecture

  • Ornamentation of Structure
  • Structure as Ornament
  • Structure as Architecture
  • Structure as Form Generator
  • Structure Ignored
  • Structure Symbolized
  • Structure and Architecture as Synthesized Forms
  • Structure and Architecture as Contrasting Forms

Structure and Space

  • Structure for Enhancement or Disruption of Function
  • Structure for Maximising Functional Flexibility
  • Structure for Articulation of Circulation 
  • Structure for Introduction or Modulation of Light
  • Structure for Organisation, Subdivision, Layering of Space
  • Structure for Phenomenological Effect 

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    Deplazes, Andrea, ed. 2005. Constructing Architecture: Materials, Processes, Structures, a Handbook. Basel ; Boston: Birkhäuser-Publishers for Architecture.
    Ochoa, Karla Saldana, Patrick Ole Ohlbrock, Pierluigi D’Acunto, and Vahid Moosavi. n.d. “Beyond Typologies, beyond Optimization: Exploring Novel Structural Forms at the Interface of Human and Machine Intelligence.” International Journal of Architectural Computing, 25.
    Ohlbrock, Patrick Ole, and Pierluigi D’Acunto. 2020. “A Computer-Aided Approach to Equilibrium Design Based on Graphic Statics and Combinatorial Variations✩,” 19.
    Underwood, James R., and Michele Chiuini. 2007. Structural Design: A Practical Guide for Architects. 2nd ed. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley.
    Balmond, Cecil, Jannuzzi Smith, and Christian Brensing. 2007. Informal. Munich ; New York: Prestel.
    Charleson, Andrew. 2005. Structure as Architecture: A Source Book for Architects and Structural Engineers. Oxford ; Burlington, MA: Elsevier/Architectural Press.

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